In the early 1900s, Berlin was an avant-garde cultural capital. Think cabarets and Marlene Dietrich. But then came Hitler. Today's Berlin is proudly stepping up to retake its place as Europe's powerhouse.
The city center is blossoming. It's worth taking a boat tour or pedaling a rental bike along the Spee River, just for the chance to glide by all the sleek new governmental architecture that lines its banks.
You'll see colossal buildings like the federal Chancellery, Germany's grandiose answer to our White House, complete with its own river bridge and a helicopter pad.
The river, once hung with metal nets and barbed wire to keep people from crossing it to freedom, now makes you want to walk a dog and hug someone.
One of the most ambitious urban renewal projects is taking place in the cultural park of Museum Island, which sits right in the middle of the Spee.
The 19th-century Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm IV imagined the island as a place of art and learning, so he began constructing what would eventually become five separate museums.
But WWII bombs and communist-era neglect left the buildings and their collections in shambles. Now, each of these world-class galleries (proud home to the Greek Pergamon Altar and the exquisite Queen Nefertiti bust) is being renovated in turn. When the dust finally settles, a grand visitors' center will link the museums.
The Humboldt-Forum, a huge public venue, is rising where a Hohenzollern palace once stood. Shops, galleries and concert halls will operate behind a facade built in precise imitation of the Baroque original. The Prussian home of the German History Museum (a former arsenal) has a strikingly modern all-glass annex. The stately old red brick Imperial Post Office now hosts an innovative avant-garde photography gallery.
A fitting symbol for the new Berlin is its rebuilt Reichstag, this country's historic parliament building and the symbolic heart of German democracy. When inaugurated in the 1890s, the emperor dismissed the parliament building as a "house for chatting." At the end of World War I, the German Republic was proclaimed from here. Then, in 1933, a mysterious fire gutted the building. It stood mostly empty through the Cold War.
Now, with the parliament back in Berlin, the Reichstag welcomes the public (those who've made advance reservations). It is a great example of contemporary architecture that is both dramatic and meaningful within its environment. The building combines old and new, as does the reunited Berlin. While the original cupola that capped the building was stone and steel, the present one is glass. A walkway inside winds all the way to the top, and tourists like the view out. But for Germans, it's the view in that matters -- keeping a close eye on their government at work.
Berlin can sometimes feel more imposing than charming.
Along with huge museums and towering architecture, its sprawling apartment complexes are immense, with courtyard after courtyard retreating in from the street front.
But with its rebirth, the city's prewar historic center is filling up with new residents and revitalized buildings. Apartment blocks are livelier than ever.
Hackeschen Hofe, with eight courtyards spilling through a wonderfully restored 1907 Art Nouveau building, is just one of the many complexes now home to sought-after residences, stylish restaurants and trendy art galleries.
Rick Steves (www.ricksteves.com) writes travel guidebooks and hosts travel shows. Email him at email@example.com and read his blog on Facebook.
©2011 Rick Steves, distributed by Tribune Media Services, Inc.
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