The Standard & Poor's/Case-Shiller index of 20 American cities fell 1.1 percent from November to December and 4 percent from December 2010. Eighteen out of the 20 cities tracked by the index posted declines, and Atlanta, Las Vegas, Seattle and Tampa, Fla., each saw average home prices hit new lows.
"In terms of prices, the housing market ended 2011 on a very disappointing note," said David M. Blitzer, chairman of the index committee at S&P Indices. "While we thought we saw some signs of stabilization in the middle of 2011, it appears that neither the economy nor consumer confidence was strong enough to move the market in a positive direction as the year ended."
In December, Miami and Phoenix were the only two metro areas that posted monthly gains, up 0.2 percent and 0.8 percent, respectively.
A separate, national index published quarterly by S&P/Case-Shiller, also released Tuesday, showed deterioration in home values. The national composite fell by 3.8 percent during the fourth quarter of 2011 and was down 4 percent versus the fourth quarter of 2010.
The steep drops indicate that the housing market likely began 2012 in decline, as the broader economic recovery was not enough to lift home values. Home prices are now below their low hit in April 2009 -- reached during the depths of the financial crisis.
Robert Shiller, a professor at Yale University and co-creator of the index, said in a conference call Tuesday he was slightly more optimistic about housing's future than he was a year ago, "but not that optimistic."
"We are in a situation where a lot of people think, long-term, this is great, home prices are low," Shiller said. "But somehow they think in the short-run ... we are still in a holding pattern."
Karl E. Case, the other co-creator of the index and a professor at Wellesley College, said he was more optimistic that the housing market would begin to improve given that, according to Census data, more U.S. households are being created, meaning there will be more demand for housing. If demand remains high -- and supply relatively low -- the housing market should begin to improve, he said.
"There are some bright spots," he said.
(c)2012 the Los Angeles Times
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