An order issued last week by Lt. Gen. R.E. Milstead Jr., deputy commandant for manpower and reserve affairs, calls for any Marine or sailor who tests positive at 0.01 percent or higher to be referred for counseling. Any Marine or sailor who tests 0.04 percent or higher will be referred to medical personnel to determine his or her fitness for duty.
Milstead’s order notes that while the new order “is primarily for deterrence and education,” nothing precludes commanders from handing out punishment. Each unit will have a staff non-commissioned officer to act as the alcohol screening program coordinator.
In California, a driver with 0.08 percent blood alcohol is considered drunk, and his or her driver’s license is immediately suspended. A single drink can lead to a positive test of 0.01 percent.
In September, a study by the U.S. Institute of Medicine, sponsored by the Department of Defense, found that binge drinking among military personnel in all branches has increased. In 1998, 35 percent of personnel admitted to binge drinking in the previous year. In 2008, the last year for which statistics were available, that figure had risen to 47 percent.
Noting that “alcohol has long been part of military culture,” the study’s authors, including professors from the University of Southern California and the University of California, San Francisco, called for better leadership from the top of the chain of command in curbing excess drinking. Among the recommendations was “routine screening for excessive alcohol consumption.”
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