Today in History
On Jan. 14, 1963, George C. Wallace was sworn in as governor of Alabama; his inaugural address included the ringing declaration, "Segregation today, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever!" -- a view Wallace came to repudiate in later years.
On this date:
In 1784, the United States ratified a peace treaty with England, ending the Revolutionary War.
In 1858, Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, and his wife, Empress Eugenie, escaped an assassination attempt led by Italian revolutionary Felice Orsini, who was later captured and executed.
In 1900, Puccini's opera "Tosca" had its world premiere in Rome.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French General Charles de Gaulle opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.
In 1952, NBC's "Today" show premiered, with Dave Garroway as the host, or "communicator."
In 1953, Josip Broz Tito was elected president of Yugoslavia by the country's Parliament.
In 1963, Sylvia Plath's semi-autobiographical novel "The Bell Jar" was published in London under the pen name "Victoria Lucas," less than a month before Plath committed suicide.
In 1968, the Green Bay Packers of the NFL defeated the AFL's Oakland Raiders, 33-14, in Super Bowl II.
In 1969, 27 people aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, off Hawaii, were killed when a rocket warhead exploded, setting off a fire and additional explosions.
In 1973, the Miami Dolphins of the AFC defeated the Washington Redskins of the NFC 14-7 to win Super Bowl VII. (This game featured the notorious "Garo's Gaffe" by Dolphins kicker Garo Yepremian that resulted in a Redskins touchdown.)
In 1989, President Ronald Reagan delivered his 331st and final weekly White House radio address, telling listeners, "Believe me, Saturdays will never seem the same. I'll miss you."
In 1993, TV talk show host David Letterman announced he was moving from NBC to CBS.
Ten years ago: Kmart Corp. announced its biggest round of cutbacks yet, saying it would close 326 more stores and eliminate 37,000 more jobs in hopes of getting out of bankruptcy by the end of April 2003. (Kmart emerged from Chapter 11 protection in May 2003.) Thousands of General Electric Co. employees across the country began a two-day strike to protest higher health insurance costs.
Five years ago: Republican Bobby Jindal, the first elected Indian-American governor in the United States, took office in Louisiana. Alvaro Colom was sworn in as Guatemala's first leftist president in more than 50 years.
One year ago: Rescue workers scrambled aboard the stricken Costa Concordia cruise liner, seeking to help some 4,200 passengers the day after the ship ran aground and tipped over off Italy's Tuscan coast; the death toll from the tragedy eventually reached 25 with seven missing and presumed dead. Miss Wisconsin Laura Kaeppeler won the Miss America pageant in Las Vegas.
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