On March 1, 1790, President George Washington signed a measure authorizing the first U.S. Census.
On this date:
In 1565, the city of Rio de Janeiro was founded by Portuguese knight Estacio de Sa.
In 1867, Nebraska became the 37th state.
In 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed an act creating Yellowstone National Park.
In 1890, J.P. Lippincott published the first U.S. edition of the Sherlock Holmes mystery "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle.
In 1913, American author Ralph Ellison ("Invisible Man") was born in Oklahoma City. (Some sources list 1914.)
In 1932, Charles Lindbergh Jr., the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh, was kidnapped from the family home near Hopewell, N.J. (Remains identified as those of the child were found the following May.)
In 1940, "Native Son" by Richard Wright was first published by Harper & Brothers.
In 1943, wartime rationing of processed foods under a point system began in the U.S.
In 1954, Puerto Rican nationalists opened fire from the gallery of the U.S. House of Representatives, wounding five congressmen.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed an executive order establishing the Peace Corps.
In 1971, a bomb went off inside a men's room at the U.S. Capitol; the radical group Weather Underground claimed responsibility for the pre-dawn blast.
In 1981, Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands began a hunger strike at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland; he died 65 days later.
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