On April 2, 1863, during the Civil War, the Richmond Bread Riot erupted in the Confederate capital as a mob made up mostly of women, outraged over food shortages and rising prices, attacked and looted stores.
On this date:
In 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon and his expedition landed in present-day Florida. (Some historians say the landing actually occurred the next day, on April 3.)
In 1792, Congress passed the Coinage Act, which authorized establishment of the U.S. Mint.
In 1800, Ludwig van Beethoven premiered his Symphony No. 1 in C major, Op. 21, in Vienna.
In 1860, the first Italian Parliament met at Turin.
In 1912, the just-completed RMS Titanic left Belfast to begin its sea trials eight days before the start of its ill-fated maiden voyage.
In 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany, saying, "The world must be made safe for democracy." (Congress declared war four days later.)
In 1932, aviator Charles A. Lindbergh and John F. Condon went to a cemetery in The Bronx, N.Y., where Condon turned over $50,000 to a man in exchange for Lindbergh's kidnapped son. (The child, who was not returned, was found dead the following month.)
In 1942, Glenn Miller and his orchestra recorded "American Patrol" at the RCA Victor studios in Hollywood.
In 1956, the soap operas "As the World Turns" and "The Edge of Night" premiered on CBS-TV.
In 1968, the science-fiction film "2001: A Space Odyssey," produced and directed by Stanley Kubrick, had its world premiere in Washington D.C.
In 1974, French President Georges Pompidou died in Paris.
In 1982, several thousand troops from Argentina seized the disputed Falkland Islands, located in the south Atlantic, from Britain. (Britain seized the islands back the following June.)
Ten years ago: During the Iraq War, American forces fought their way to within sight of the Baghdad skyline. A bomb blast near a wharf in the southern Philippine city of Davao killed 16.
Five years ago: President George W. Bush suffered a diplomatic setback when NATO allies rebuffed his pleas to put former Soviet republics Ukraine and Georgia on the path toward membership. Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern, who'd helped broker peace in Northern Ireland but couldn't survive a scandal over his collection of cash from businessmen, announced he would resign.
One year ago: A gunman killed seven people at Oikos University, a Christian school in Oakland, Calif. (Suspected gunman One (wahn) Goh was found not mentally fit for trial until deemed competent.) President Barack Obama challenged the U.S. Supreme Court to uphold his health care overhaul during a Rose Garden news conference. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that jailers may perform invasive strip searches on people arrested even for minor offenses. Five-time All-Star Reggie Miller joined longtime NBA coach Don Nelson and college standout Ralph Sampson as part of a 12-member class to be inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Kentucky won its eighth men's national NCAA basketball title, holding off Kansas for a 67-59 victory.
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