The airline stopped flying its six Boeing 787 aircraft in January after Dreamliners were grounded worldwide due to battery fire risk.
Air India said in a statement that the pilots on the first test flight Thursday were satisfied with the plane's performance.
Since its launch after delays of more than three years, Boeing's newest jet has been plagued by a series of problems, including overheating of lithium-ion batteries and fuel leaks.
Air India has ordered a total of 27 Dreamliners.
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