Fannie Mae has paid $59.4 billion to the U.S. Treasury and Freddie Mac has paid $7 billion. The payments reflect a housing recovery that has made the mortgage giants profitable again. They are also helping to lower their year's federal deficit.
The government rescued Fannie and Freddie during the 2008 financial crisis after both incurred massive losses on risky mortgages. The companies received two of the largest bailouts of the crisis.
So far, Fannie has repaid $95 billion of the roughly $116 billion it received, while Freddie has repaid roughly $37 billion of its $71.3 billion. Under a federal policy adopted last summer, Fannie and Freddie must turn over their entire net worth above $3 billion in each quarter to the Treasury.
Fannie and Freddie own or guarantee nearly half of all U.S. mortgages, and 90 percent of new ones. A better housing market means fewer delinquent loans on their books. The companies are also charging mortgage lenders higher fees to guarantee the loans. With more loans and higher fees, Fannie and Freddie are earning more.
And the mortgage giants are taking on less risk than during the pre-crisis years. That's because banks are requiring higher credit scores and larger down payments from prospective buyers.
A brighter outlook was a key reason Fannie decided this year was the right time to capitalize on the tax benefits of the bad loans it absorbed during the crisis. That helped boost Fannie's profit in the January-March quarter and contributed to the large dividend.
The payments from Fannie and Freddie are helping to lower this year's federal deficit. They have come in a year when a better economy has also boosted tax receipts.
The Congressional Budget Office projects this year's deficit will total just $642 billion when the budget year ends on Sept. 30. That would be the first time the budget gap has fallen below $1 trillion since 2008. The smaller deficit has taken pressure off negotiations to raise the federal borrowing limit.
Separately, Citigroup on Monday agreed to pay Fannie $968 million to resolve potential future repurchase claims on residential mortgage loans originated between 2000 and 2012.
A sizable group of the loans were originated during the U.S. housing boom and went bad when the housing bubble burst. Fannie claimed that banks misled the organization by not telling the company the true condition of the mortgages they were buying. For several years, Fannie and Freddie have been demanding that banks repurchase the mortgages.
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