On July 22, 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.
On this date:
In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem "America the Beautiful."
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York's Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.
In 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie "Manhattan Melodrama."
In 1942, the Nazis began transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp. Gasoline rationing involving the use of coupons began along the Atlantic seaboard.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
In 2011, Anders Breivik massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation's worst violence since World War II.
Ten years ago: Saddam Hussein's sons Odai and Qusai were killed when U.S. forces stormed a villa in Mosul, Iraq. Months after her prisoner-of-war ordeal, U.S. Army Pfc. Jessica Lynch returned home to a hero's welcome in Elizabeth, W.Va.
Five years ago: Tropical Storm Dolly spun into a hurricane as it headed toward the U.S.-Mexico border. European Union foreign ministers agreed to toughen sanctions against Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to pressure him to share power with the opposition. Actress Estelle Getty died in Los Angeles at age 84.
One year ago: President Barack Obama made a quick trip to Colorado to meet with families of those gunned down in an Aurora movie theater and to hear from state and local officials about the shooting that left 12 people dead and dozens more injured. The International AIDS Conference opened in Washington, D.C., with the goal of "turning the tide" on HIV. Fifteen people were killed in South Texas when a pickup truck ran off the road and hit trees about 90 miles southeast of San Antonio. Bradley Wiggins became the first British cyclist to win the Tour de France. Ernie Els won his fourth major championship in an astonishing finish, rallying to beat Adam Scott in the British Open when the Australian bogeyed the last four holes.
Today's Birthdays: Opera singer Licia Albanese is 100. Former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., is 90. Actor-comedian Orson Bean is 85. Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta is 81. Actress Louise Fletcher is 79. Rhythm-and-blues singer Chuck Jackson is 76. Actor Terence Stamp is 75. Game show host Alex Trebek is 73. Singer George Clinton is 72. Actor-singer Bobby Sherman is 70. Former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, is 70. Movie writer-director Paul Schrader is 67. Actor Danny Glover is 67. Singer Mireille Mathieu is 67. Actor-comedian-director Albert Brooks is 66. Rock singer Don Henley is 66. Movie composer Alan Menken is 64. Singer-actress Lonette McKee is 60. Jazz musician Al Di Meola is 59. Actor Willem Dafoe is 58. Rhythm-and-blues singer Keith Sweat is 52. Actress Joanna Going is 50. Actor Rob Estes is 50. Folk singer Emily Saliers (Indigo Girls) is 50. Actor John Leguizamo is 49. Actor-comedian David Spade is 49. Actor Patrick Labyorteaux is 48. Rock musician Pat Badger is 46. Actress Irene Bedard is 46. Actor Rhys Ifans is 46. Actor Colin Ferguson is 41. Rock musician Daniel Jones is 40. Singer Rufus Wainwright is 40. Actress Franka Potente (poh-TEN'-tay) is 39. Actress A.J. Cook is 35. Actor Keegan Allen ("Pretty Little Liars") is 26. Actress Selena Gomez is 21.
Thought for Today: "The love we give away is the only love we keep." -- Elbert Hubbard, American author (1856-1915).
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