On Oct. 9, 1813, Giuseppe Verdi, the composer of such classic operas as "Aida," "La Traviata," "Rigoletto" and "Il Trovatore," was born in the Italian village of Le Roncole. (There is some dispute over Verdi's date of birth, with numerous sources saying he was actually born Oct. 10.)
On this date:
In 1446, the Korean alphabet, created under the aegis of King Sejong, was first published.
In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.
In 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.
In 1910, a coal dust explosion at the Starkville Mine in Colorado left 56 miners dead.
In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y., to Glendale, Calif.
In 1936, the first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.
In 1940, rock and roll legend John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.
In 1946, the Eugene O'Neill drama "The Iceman Cometh" opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York.
In 1958, Pope Pius XII died at age 82, ending a 19-year papacy. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)
In 1962, Uganda won autonomy from British rule.
In 1974, businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving about 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Frankfurt, West Germany (at his request, he was buried in Jerusalem).
In 1987, author, politician and diplomat Clare Boothe Luce died in Washington at age 84.
Ten years ago: A suicide car bombing at a Baghdad police station killed eight people; Spanish military attache Jose Antonio Bernal Gomez was shot to death in Baghdad.
Five years ago: Calm gave way to fear in financial markets, turning a relatively steady day into a rout that pushed the Dow Jones industrials below 9,000 -- to 8,579.19 -- for the first time in five years. Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio of France won the Nobel Prize in literature.
One year ago: Former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky was sentenced to 30 to 60 years in prison following his July conviction on 45 counts of sexual abuse of boys. The producers of "Sesame Street" asked President Barack Obama's re-election campaign to take down an ad featuring Big Bird, saying the Sesame Workshop is a nonpartisan nonprofit and does not participate in political campaigns. The ad mocked Mitt Romney's vow to end federal funding for public broadcasting.
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