Meg Whitman seeks a new direction for Hewlett-Packard

SAN FRANCISCO — Meg Whitman’s primary job as Hewlett-Packard Co.’s new CEO will be to restore a sense of direction at a company that has lost its way after a decade of leadership lapses and disjointed deal-making.

With 320,000 employees, more than $125 billion in annual revenue and a broad swath of businesses, the technology conglomerate needs a leader who can quickly decide on a clear path and convey that to customers and shareholders.

The company’s stock hit a 6-year low Friday, a day after Whitman got the job following HP’s firing of Leo Apotheker. HP has lost $60 billion in market value since Apotheker’s predecessor, Mark Hurd, resigned amid a sexual harassment scandal last year.

In technology, size isn’t always an asset, as HP is learning. One of the biggest challenges for Whitman will be to figure out how big HP needs to be. It’s a key question that has tripped up a string of CEOs, from Carly Fiorina and her hard-fought battle to buy Compaq Computer, to Mark Hurd and his $20 billion acquisition spree and 50,000 job cuts, and Apotheker’s poorly received plan to steer HP away from lower-margin areas of computer hardware.

No one has figured out the right balance, which has made the top job at HP one of the hardest CEO slots to fill.

HP, which was founded in the 1930s as a maker of sound equipment, is no stranger to long and difficult transformations. But, under Whitman, the company could shrink substantially. Revitalizing the company depends on whether she can lead a major transformation. Indeed, analysts believe HP needs to emulate IBM Corp., whose dire financial situation in the 1990s forced a complete exit from consumer markets.

IBM’s transition, however, was brutal. The Armonk, N.Y.-based company shed more than 150,000 workers in the 1990s as the company lost nearly $16 billion over five years. It, too, sold its PC division, and HP’s flirtation with following suit indicates its willingness to aggressively pursue IBM’s model. IBM has thrived in recent years because of a focus on high-margin services and software deals.

One of Whitman’s most pressing concerns: what to do with the world’s biggest personal computer business, which supplies a third of HP’s revenue but is its least profitable division.

Last month, Apotheker said that business would go up for sale in a badly blundered announcement that hastened his demise. His disclosure likely devalued the business in the eyes of potential buyers. Many analysts now speculate that HP has no choice but to keep the business and work on repairing strained relationships with customers. Whitman says a decision, on whether to keep it or possibly spin it off, should come by the end of the year.

PCs and printers are areas where HP leads. But the company wants to abandon those businesses because its profit margins on those units are thin. In the more profitable areas where HP needs to expand, it is playing catch-up. In technology services it has to contend with none other than market leader IBM Corp. HP’s technology services division is one of several businesses that Apotheker identified as the victim of underinvestment. The company will also try to make further inroads into computer networking, a segment dominated by Cisco Systems Inc.

Another drastic move of Apotheker’s that Whitman will need to usher to completion is the company’s decision to kill off HP’s fledgling tablet and smartphone businesses, conceding defeat in fast-growing consumer markets.

More in Herald Business Journal

Aerospace workers adjust to changing industry

The number of Boeing workers dropped almost 10 percent since last year.

Tom Hoban
Are millennials warming up to life in suburbia?

They dominate the apartment market and their wants need to be accounted for, says columnist Tom Hoban.

Camano artist mixes flask, paintings for successful cocktail

Art flasks prove popular as bachelorette gifts, birthday presents and wedding favors.

Fluke’s T6 Electrical Testers receives Innovation Awards honor

Fluke’s T6 Electrical Testers have received top honors in the Tools and… Continue reading

Everett volunteer named ‘community champion’ by Molina Healthcare

Everett’s Jorge Galindo was one of seven people across the state to… Continue reading

Cascade Valley Health to hold Festival of Trees in Arlington

Cascade Valley Health Foundation will be holding their fifth annual Festival of… Continue reading

7-Eleven program helped add 500 trees, shrubs to Everett park

Last month, 7-Eleven helped plant more than 500 trees and shrubs at… Continue reading

Pentagon inspector general praises secret $80 billion bomber

US Government Accountability Office in 2016 rejected a protest filed by Boeing-Lockheed Martin.

Everett’s Sentry Credit celebrates a quarter century in business

Sentry Credit Inc. in Everett is celebrating its 25th year in business.… Continue reading

Most Read