By Carole Feldman Associated Press
That’s the way Jane Witmer describes the lawn around her Seattle house. But if you look closely, there’s some moss and some clover. “Wildflowers are beginning to bloom pink in the grass,” she said.
The small imperfections are the price she pays for keeping her lawn organic.
“It’s better for my health, and the health of my pets and my family,” Witmer said. “It’s better for the health of the bugs and the birds in the yard.”
Increasing numbers of homeowners are eschewing lawn chemicals, citing environmental and health concerns. A 2008 survey by the National Gardening Association indicated that about 12 million households were using only natural products on lawns and gardens, up from about 5 million in 2004.
Bruce Butterfield, market research director for the association, said the number of organic gardeners is likely to increase, to a point. “It’s not going to totally displace use of conventional fertilizers for lawn care,” he said.
People who choose to go organic might have to lower their expectations a bit, and be patient, the experts say.
“Organic approaches are not going to deliver the same pest control as chemicals,” said Mike Goatley, extension turf grass specialist at Virginia Tech.
Still, organic doesn’t mean ugly, said Paul Tukey, founder of safelawns.org and author of “The Organic Lawn Care Manual.” “You can have a gorgeous lush green lawn going naturally.”
Just learn to tolerate some weeds.
Emily Bishton, a garden consultant and designer in Seattle, said she tries to get her clients at Green Light Gardening to envision what a natural grassland is like.
“The main thing that really needs to shift in terms of the way that you approach your lawn is that what you are striving for is how to make my grass as healthy as possible, rather than how do I get rid of these weeds,” she said.
Weeds can help diagnose what’s wrong with a lawn.
“Some weeds tell you your lawn is acidic,” said Tukey. “Some weeds tell you your lawn is compacted. Some weeds tell you it’s too wet.”
Clover can be a sign the lawn needs nitrogen. Tukey calls clover “Mother Nature’s fertilization factory.”
In the middle of the 20th century, most grass seed was mixed with clover, which provides needed nitrogen to the soil, according to Goatley. “We’re coming full circle,” he said. “It makes perfect sense going in to fix the nitrogen.”
Good soil is the first step to a healthy lawn — organic or not.
Conduct a soil test, Goatley advised. “You’ve got to know what you’re working with.”
You can do that through your local lawn and garden center or through state agriculture extension service programs.
Among the things you’ll want to know: how much organic matter is in the lawn, the levels of such things as nitrogen, phosphorous and calcium, and the pH to determine if the soil is too acidic. A good pH to promote turf growth is generally considered to be between 6.5 and 7, Butterfield said.
You’ll also want to make sure your soil is properly aerated. Aerating a lawn provides room for roots to grow and allows it to hold water better. Earthworms do the aeration naturally. So does plantain. But if your lawn needs more help, there are aerating machines that you can buy or rent. Goatley recommends doing the aeration when the soil is moist.
For many, the choice of going organic or synthetic doesn’t have to be all or nothing. Some argue that if you are careful about using conventional fertilizers, they aren’t all bad.
“It’s not a black and white picture,” Butterfield said.
Besides, only about half of U.S. households fertilize their lawn at all, he added. “They figure it’s God’s responsibility to make it look good.”