Today is Friday, Aug. 6, the 218th day of 2010. There are 147 days left in the year.
On Aug. 6, 1945, during WWII, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, resulting in an estimated 140,000 deaths in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
ON THIS DATE
In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire went out of existence as Emperor Francis II abdicated.
In 1809, one of the leading literary figures of the Victorian era, poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson, was born in Somersby, Lincolnshire, England.
In 1825, Upper Peru became the autonomous republic of Bolivia.
In 1859, the Australian passenger ship SS Admella, en route from Port Adelaide to Melbourne, struck a reef off South Australia and broke apart; of the 113 people on board, only 24 survived.
In 1890, convicted murderer William Kemmler became the first person to be executed in the electric chair as he was put to death at Auburn State Prison in New York.
In 1926, Gertrude Ederle of New York became the first woman to swim the English Channel, arriving in Kingsdown, England, from France in 141/2 hours.
In 1962, Jamaica became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth.
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.
In 1978, Pope Paul VI died at Castel Gandolfo at age 80.
In 1986, William Schroeder died after living 620 days with the Jarvik 7 artificial heart.