Today is Saturday, Nov. 23, the 327th day of 2013. There are 38 days left in the year.
On Nov. 23, 1936, Life, the photojournalism magazine created by Henry R. Luce (loos), was first published.
On this date:
In 1765, Frederick County, Md. became the first colonial entity to repudiate the British Stamp Act.
In 1804, the 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce, was born in Hillsboro, N.H.
In 1889, the first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon.
In 1903, Enrico Caruso made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, appearing in “Rigoletto.”
In 1910, American-born physician Hawley Harvey Crippen was hanged at Pentonville Prison in London for murdering his wife, Cora. (Crippen’s mistress, Ethel Le Neve, was acquitted in a separate trial of being an accessory.)
In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin atolls from the Japanese.
In 1959, the musical “Fiorello!,” starring Tom Bosley as legendary New York Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, opened on Broadway.
In 1963, the classic British science-fiction series “Doctor Who” premiered on BBC Television, starring William Hartnell as the first incarnation of the time-traveling title character.
In 1971, the People’s Republic of China was seated in the U.N. Security Council.
In 1980, some 2,600 people were killed by a series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy.
In 1996, a commandeered Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767 crashed into the water off the Comoros Islands, killing 125 of the 175 people on board, including all three hijackers.
Ten years ago: Five U.S. soldiers were killed in a helicopter crash in Afghanistan. Eduard Shevardnadze resigned as president of Georgia in the face of protests.
Five years ago: The government unveiled a bold plan to rescue Citigroup, injecting a fresh $20 billion into the troubled firm as well as guaranteeing hundreds of billions of dollars in risky assets. A gunman shot and killed a woman and a man who came to her aid inside a church in Clifton, N.J. (Suspect Joseph Pallipurath, the estranged husband of the dead woman, Reshma James, is awaiting trial.) Spain clinched an improbable, come-from-behind Davis Cup victory over Argentina.
One year ago: Actor Larry Hagman, best known for playing the scheming oil baron J.R. Ewing on TV’s “Dallas,” died at the age of 81. Supporters and opponents of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi clashed in the streets of Cairo and other major cities, in the worst violence since Morsi took office nearly five months earlier.