Today is Wednesday, Oct. 2, the 275th day of 2013. There are 90 days left in the year.
On Oct. 2, 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court as the court opened its new term.
On this date:
In 1780, British spy John Andre was hanged in Tappan, N.Y., during the Revolutionary War.
In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers fought Mexican soldiers near the Guadalupe River; the Mexicans ended up withdrawing.
In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson suffered a serious stroke at the White House that left him paralyzed on his left side.
In 1941, during World War II, German armies launched an all-out drive against Moscow.
In 1944, Nazi troops crushed the two-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which a quarter of a million people were killed.
In 1950, the comic strip “Peanuts,” created by Charles M. Schulz, was syndicated to seven newspapers.
In 1958, the former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaimed its independence.
In 1970, one of two chartered twin-engine planes flying the Wichita State University football team to Utah crashed into a mountain near Silver Plume, Colo., killing 31 of the 40 people on board.
In 1971, the music program “Soul Train” made its debut in national syndication.
In 1985, actor Rock Hudson died at his home in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 59 after battling AIDS.
In 2001, NATO Secretary-General Lord Robertson said the United States had provided “clear and conclusive” evidence of Osama bin Laden’s involvement in the attacks on New York and Washington.
In 2002, the Washington, D.C.-area sniper attacks began as a resident of Silver Spring, Md., was shot and killed in a store parking lot in Wheaton; the next day, five people were shot dead, setting off a frantic manhunt lasting three weeks.
In 2006, an armed milk truck driver took a group of girls hostage in an Amish schoolhouse in Nickel Mines, Pa., killing five of them and wounding five others before committing suicide.
Ten years ago: The Los Angeles Times published allegations that California gubernatorial candidate Arnold Schwarzenegger had sexually harassed six women in the past; the actor acknowledged “bad behavior” on his part, and apologized. The House voted 281-142 to prohibit doctors from carrying out what abortion opponents called partial birth abortion. South African J.M. Coetzee won the 2003 Nobel Prize for literature. Former Labor Secretary John Dunlop died at age 89.
Five years ago: Republican Sarah Palin and Democrat Joe Biden sparred over taxes, energy policy and the Iraq war in a high-profile vice-presidential debate at Washington University in St. Louis, in which Palin sought to reclaim her identity as a feisty reformer and Biden tried to undercut the maverick image of GOP presidential hopeful John McCain. More than a year after millionaire adventure Steve Fossett vanished on a solo flight over California’s rugged Sierra Nevada, searchers found the wreckage of his plane but no body inside. (Fossett’s remains were discovered in late October 2008.)