Today is Saturday, Nov. 3, the 308th day of 2012. There are 58 days left in the year. A reminder: Daylight Saving Time ends Sunday at 2 a.m. local time. Clocks go back one hour.
On Nov. 3, 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton was elected the 42nd president of the United States, defeating President George H.W. Bush. In Illinois, Democrat Carol Moseley-Braun became the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
On this date:
In 1839, the first Opium War between China and Britain broke out.
In 1900, the first major U.S. automobile show opened at New York’s Madison Square Garden under the auspices of the Automobile Club of America.
In 1903, Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia.
In 1911, the Chevrolet Motor Car Co. was founded in Detroit by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. (The company was acquired by General Motors in 1918.)
In 1936, President Franklin Roosevelt won a landslide election victory over Republican challenger Alfred M. “Alf” Landon.
In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, the second manmade satellite, into orbit; on board was a dog named Laika who was sacrificed in the experiment.
In 1960, the Meredith Willson musical “The Unsinkable Molly Brown” opened on Broadway with Tammy Grimes in the title role.
In 1961, Burmese diplomat U Thant was appointed acting U.N. Secretary-General following the death of Dag Hammarskjold. President John F. Kennedy established the U.S. Agency for International Development.
In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson soundly defeated Republican Barry Goldwater to win a White House term in his own right.
In 1970, Salvador Allende was inaugurated as president of Chile.
In 1979, five Communist Workers Party members were killed in a clash with heavily armed Ku Klux Klansmen and neo-Nazis during an anti-Klan protest in Greensboro, N.C.
In 1986, the Iran-Contra affair began to come to light as Ash-Shiraa, a pro-Syrian Lebanese magazine, first broke the story of U.S. arms sales to Iran.