Today is Tuesday, Oct. 23, the 297th day of 2012. There are 69 days left in the year.
On Oct. 23, 1942, during World War II, Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt, resulting in an Allied victory.
On this date:
In 1862, King Otto of Greece was deposed in a revolt.
In 1915, tens of thousands of women marched in New York City, demanding the right to vote.
In 1932, comedian Fred Allen began his first regular radio show for CBS, “The Linit Bath Club Revue.”
In 1935, mobster Dutch Schultz, 34, was shot and mortally wounded with three other men during a gangland hit at the Palace Chophouse in Newark, N.J. (Schultz died the following day.)
In 1954, West Germany was invited to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which it did the following year.
In 1956, a student-sparked revolt against Hungary’s Communist rule began; as the revolution spread, Soviet forces started entering the country, and the uprising was put down within weeks.
In 1972, the musical “Pippin” opened on Broadway.
In 1980, the resignation of Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosygin was announced.
In 1983, 241 U.S. service members, most of them Marines, were killed in a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.
In 1987, the U.S. Senate rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.
In 1992, Japanese Emperor Akihito began a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.
In 1995, a jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena. (Saldivar is serving a life prison sentence.)