Today is Tuesday, Aug. 28, the 241st day of 2012. There are 125 days left in the year.
On Aug. 28, 1862, the Second Battle of Bull Run (also known as Second Manassas) began in Prince William County, Va., during the Civil War (the result was a Confederate victory).
On this date:
In 1609, English sea explorer Henry Hudson and his ship, the Half Moon, reached present-day Delaware Bay.
In 1910, the Kingdom of Montenegro was proclaimed.
In 1922, the first-ever radio commercial aired on station WEAF in New York City (the 10-minute advertisement was for the Queensboro Realty Co., which had paid a fee of $100).
In 1947, legendary bullfighter Manolete died after being gored during a fight in Linares, Spain; he was 30.
In 1955, Emmett Till, a black teen-ager from Chicago, was abducted from his uncle’s home in Money, Miss., by two white men after he had supposedly whistled at a white woman; he was found brutally slain three days later.
In 1962, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter resigned; President John F. Kennedy nominated Arthur Goldberg to succeed him.
In 1963, more than 200,000 people listened as the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.
In 1968, police and anti-war demonstrators clashed in the streets of Chicago as the Democratic National Convention nominated Hubert H. Humphrey for president.
In 1972, Mark Spitz of the United States won the first two of his seven gold medals at the Munich Olympics, finishing first in the 200-meter butterfly and anchoring the 400-meter freestyle relay. The Soviet women gymnasts won the team all-around.
In 1987, a fire damaged the Arcadia, Fla., home of Ricky, Robert and Randy Ray, three hemophiliac brothers infected with AIDS whose court-ordered school attendance had sparked a local uproar. Academy Award-winning movie director John Huston died in Middletown, R.I., at age 81.
In 1988, 70 people were killed when three Italian stunt planes collided during an air show at the U.S. Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany.
In 1990, an F5 tornado struck the Chicago area, killing 29 people.
Ten years ago: Prosecutors indicted WorldCom’s former chief financial officer, Scott Sullivan, and Buford Yates Jr., WorldCom’s former director of general accounting. (Sullivan, accused of overseeing a long-running conspiracy to hide operating expenses in order to boost WorldCom’s earnings, later admitted guilt and was sentenced to five years in prison. Yates later pleaded guilty to securities fraud and conspiracy and agreed to help prosecutors; he was sentenced to one year and one day in prison.)
Five years ago: After reports surfaced of his June arrest at the Minneapolis airport, Senator Larry Craig, R-Idaho, told a news conference the only thing he’d done wrong was to plead guilty after a police complaint of lewd conduct in a men’s room; Craig also declared, “I am not gay. I never have been gay.” A military court at Fort Meade, Md., acquitted Army Lt. Col. Steven L. Jordan of failing to control U.S. soldiers who’d abused detainees at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, but found him guilty of disobeying an order not to discuss the investigation. (However, that conviction was later thrown out.) Oscar-winning actress Miyoshi Umeki died in Licking, Mo., at age 78.
One year ago: A suicide bomber blew himself up inside Baghdad’s largest Sunni mosque, killing 29 people during prayers. California returned the Little League World Series title to the United States a 2-1 victory over Hamamatsu City, Japan. Katy Perry won three MTV Video Music Awards, including video of the year for the inspirational clip “Firework”; during the broadcast, Beyonce announced she was pregnant with her first child (Blue Ivy Carter was born in January 2012).