Today is Thursday, June 21, the 173rd day of 2012. There are 193 days left in the year.
On June 21, 1942, German forces led by Generaloberst (Colonel General) Erwin Rommel captured the Libyan city of Tobruk during World War II. (After his victory, Rommel was promoted to Field Marshal; Tobruk was retaken by the Allies in November 1942.) An Imperial Japanese submarine fired shells at Fort Stevens on the Oregon coast, causing little damage.
On this date:
In 1788, the United States Constitution went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
In 1834, Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
In 1912, author and critic Mary McCarthy was born in Seattle.
In 1932, heavyweight Max Schmeling lost a title fight rematch in New York by decision to Jack Sharkey, prompting Schmeling’s manager, Joe Jacobs, to exclaim: “We was robbed!”
In 1948, the Republican national convention opened in Philadelphia. (The delegates ended up choosing Thomas Dewey to be their presidential nominee.)
In 1963, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was chosen to succeed the late Pope John XXIII; the new pope took the name Paul VI.
In 1964, civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney were murdered in Philadelphia, Miss.; their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam six weeks later.
In 1970, former Indonesian President Sukarno died at 69.
In 2005, 41 years to the day after three civil rights workers were beaten and shot to death, Edgar Ray Killen, 80, a former Ku Klux Klansman, was found guilty of manslaughter. (He was sentenced to 60 years in prison.)