Fossil found in China shows ancient reptile in the act of being born

Scientists have discovered the fossil remains of an ancient marine reptile in the act of being born.

The fossil shows that the little icthyosaur was just starting to swim headfirst out of its mother’s body at the time of its death, with two other icthyosaur embryos still awaiting their own birth experience.

The rare fossil was discovered in what was once an inland sea that split China in two. Today, the site lies 150 miles east of Shanghai near the city of Chaohu in the Anhui province. Scientists believe the embryos and their mother were buried in a landslide.

“It must have been pretty close to where they lived because their skeletons were perfectly preserved,” said Ryosuke Motani, a paleobiologist at the University of California, Davis.

Motani and his colleagues from Peking University and the Anhui Geological Museum have been working at the site for three years. In that time they have uncovered 80 new icthyosaur skeletons that date back to the early Triassic period, roughly 248 million years ago.

Icthyosaurs, technically called ichthyopterygians, were a group of reptiles that lived at the time of the dinosaurs. They looked a bit like dolphins with a torpedo shaped body and a long, thin snout, and like dolphins, they needed to swim to the surface to breathe. Adults were just under 3 feet long, and they probably ate worms and other small animals living in the sea.

It is not uncommon for reptiles and fish to give birth to live young, but while most land animals give birth head first, most air-breathing marine animals like dolphins and whales give birth tail first.

“This delays the exposure of the head for the last minute, which is ideal for a water birth,” Motani said. Unlike a fish, a newly born icthyosaur or a dolphin would need to swim to the surface in order to take its first breath.

However, in the early icthyosaur fossil scientists found, the embryo icthyosaur is clearly coming out of its mother head first.

In a new paper published in the journal PLOS One, Motani argues that the headfirst birth of this primitive icthyosaur fossil suggests that giving birth to live young first developed on land, and then continued to evolve in the water.

“Icthyosaurs from a much later time period were out coming out like dolphins, tail first,” he said. “But this is the most primitive kind of icthyosaur, and the headfirst birth suggests to me that its ancestors clearly lived on land.”

Motani added that more findings from the Chaohu site will be coming soon.

“There are some very interesting animals there that we didn’t know before,” he said.

More in Local News

Suspect sought in two Everett bank robberies

He’s described as 5-foot-10 to 6-foot-1, with dark hair and a goatee, and may have a neck tattoo.

Jogger unharmed after fending off attacker in Edmonds

Police released video of a man they believe to be the attacker.

Two missing men found, one alive and one dead

The man found alive was found in an apartment across the hallway and taken to a hospital.

Darrington School Board dealing with upheavals

The crux of the controversy seems to be the superintendent’s job.

Alaska Airlines has selected destinations for new service from Paine Field. (Alaska Airlines)
Alaska Airlines will fly from Everett to 8 West Coast cities

Two destinations that didn’t make the list were Spokane and Hawaii.

Three teens arrested for Marysville school vandalism

Windows were broken and a trash bin was on fire Sunday night at a Marysville middle school.

Langley mayor threatens newspaper with lawsuit

The mayor threatened to sue the paper over claims he withheld public records disclosure information.

Divers called to recover body after train hits pedestrian

The accident was reported by a BNSF crew near Woods Creek in Monroe.

Katharine Graham, then CEO and chairwoman of the board of The Washington Post Co., looks over a copy of The Daily Herald with Larry Hanson, then The Herald’s publisher, during her visit to Everett on Sept. 20, 1984. The Washington Post Co. owned The Herald from 1978 until 2013. (Herald archives)
A local connection to history

Retired Herald publisher Larry Hanson remembers The Post’s Katharine Graham, who visited several times.

Most Read