The need for a longer lens

To every story, a creation myth. Americans believe that goosing domestic coal production spurs energy independence. No matter that consumption trends reflect a plummeting national demand. (TransAlta’s coal-fired plant, the last of its kind in Washington, shutters in 2025.)

Domestic coal consumption peaked around 2008, at just over 70 million tons per month. Today that number hovers around 50 million. Less expensive and cleaner natural gas, attenuating energy needs, and more renewable energy sources have coalesced to staunch our coal appetite. U.S coal producers now look to an energy-ravenous China to backfill a shrinking domestic market. Exports — not energy security — are the driver.

The Powder River Basin, just east of Wyoming’s Big Horn Mountains, is America’s coal Eden, with 40 billion tons of extractable reserves. Presupposing the Gateway Pacific Terminal at Cherry Point passes federal muster, the basin’s Decker and Black Thunder mines will be the launching point for 18 open-car coal trains running daily through the Pacific Northwest. It’s mostly low-sulfur coal, a quality that makes it ideal for an American market subject to the Clean Air Act. China, alas, disregards similar environmental and clean-air standards.

Ironically, most of the Powder River Basin’s Asia-bound coal is mined from publically owned lands. The government leases reserves at below-market prices, in what pencils out to a $29 billion subsidy. The bow wave of costs related to exporting, including infrastructure and economic impacts, will mostly be shouldered by taxpayers. The upside is the promise of jobs, both direct and indirect to Cherry Point. Project construction will translate into approximately 2,000 jobs. After that, supporters forecast 215 full-time positions.

At capacity, Cherry Point will export 48 million metric tons of coal a year. It would mark a sea change in the export sphere. The U.S. currently exports around 100 million tons of coal annually, with less than 10 percent shipping from West Coast ports. In addition to Cherry Point, the proposed Millennium Bulk Terminal in Longview would annually export 44 metric tons. The environmental impact statement (EIS) process for Longview is slated for early 2013.

There are compelling reasons to avoid telescoping coal exports into questions of NIMBY-ism, transportation hassles, or additional living-wage jobs. A long-lens perspective incorporates who is paying for what, the spectrum of environmental impacts, and where the country will be a generation or two from now. These questions mirror the spirit of the National Environmental Policy Act, as well as the law’s EIS process to gauge Cherry Point along with the Millennium Bulk Terminal. And the story begins hundreds of miles east of Washington, in the Powder River Basin.

More in Opinion

Editorial page for Saturday, Oct. 21

A sketchy look at the day in politics.… Continue reading

Editorial: Retain Gregerson as Mukilteo’s mayor

Both candidates offer impressive resumes, but Gregerson showed leadership and compassion as mayor.

Schwab: Eyman’s anti-transit initiative will pave us over

The anti-tax crusader may save you a few bucks but will leave us helpless to deal with growth.

Commentary: What you need to know about service animals

Service animals are a medical necessity for many. Passing a pet off as one is an insult.

Editorial cartoons for Friday, Oct. 20

A sketchy look at the day in politics.… Continue reading

Gerson: Why 8th-graders should read ‘Mockingbird,’ as written

The book is meant to make people uncomfortable with racial prejudice. And that requires the n-word.

Ignatius: ISIS defeat in Raqqa a reminder of U.S. might

Obama and Trump each share in the success, but the enduring problem of governance remains.

Harrop: Trump, the deal-maker, making a mess out of trade

Leaving NAFTA, one think tank says, would amount to a “$10 billion tax” on U.S. industry.

Milbank: White House’s leaps of logic pin worst ills on trade

Looking to scuttle free trade, an adviser blames the loss of manufacturing jobs for our social ills.

Most Read