By Ellen Knickmeyer and Seth Borenstein / Associated Press
WASHINGTON — Americans burned a record amount of energy in 2018, with a 10 percent jump in consumption from booming natural gas helping to lead the way, the U.S. Energy Information Administration says.
Overall consumption of all kinds of fuels rose 4 percent year on year, the largest such increase in eight years, a report this week from the agency said. Fossil fuels in all accounted for 80 percent of Americans’ energy use.
That’s despite increasingly urgent warnings from scientists that humans are running out of time to stave off the harshest effects of climate change by cutting greenhouse gas emissions from consuming coal, oil and natural gas.
A 2018 National Climate Assessment involving scientists from 13 government agencies and outside experts warned that climate change already “presents growing challenges to human health and quality of life, the economy, and the natural systems that support us.”
Last month was the second hottest March globally on record with an average temperature of 56.8, nearly 2 degrees warmer than the 20th century average, behind only March 2016, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Alaska had its warmest March by far, nearly 16 degrees above normal and 3.7 degrees warmer than the previous record set in 1965.
“Globally, the long-term pattern, of which March 2019 is an exclamation point … is almost entirely related to increased greenhouse gases,” said Deke Arndt, climate monitoring chief for NOAA’s National Center for Environmental Information.
This week’s report says the 2018 weather led Americans to turn on their furnaces and air conditioners more often. With the U.S. shale oil and gas boom helping make natural gas increasingly affordable, and with more power plants running on natural gas, natural gas consumption by the national electrical grid rose 15 percent from 2017, the energy information agency said.
Renewable energy consumption also hit a record high, led by a 22 percent jump in the use of solar power, the agency said.
Coal consumption fell for a fifth straight year nationally, flailing in market competition against natural gas and renewables despite pledges from Donald Trump, as a candidate and then as president, to bring back the coal industry.
The Trump administration has played down the peril from climate change. Environmental Protection Agency chief Andrew Wheeler said last month that “most of the threats from climate change are 50 to 75 years out.”