Milfoil to be studied as biofuel

SPOKANE — Ask boaters, dock owners, swimmers or scientists and you’re likely to get the same answer: Eurasian milfoil is a good-for-nothing pest.

Since the mid-1970s, the feathery water plant has spread in the Northwest’s rivers and lakes, and hundreds of thousands of dollars are spent battling it each year.

Now a couple from Elk has come up with a new idea: What if harvested milfoil could be turned into biofuel?

“I got the idea while I was reading a document about biodiversity,” said Alanna Mitchell, a supervisor with the Pend Oreille Conservation District in Northeast Washington. “I made a note in the margin, asking how can you come at problems like milfoil and handle them more comprehensively?”

Currently, milfoil is pulled out of lakes and streams using various equipment and simple manpower, or is killed off with herbicides.

The plant is so nutrient-rich it burns other vegetation when piled on the shoreline.

“It was the harvesting that was the clue,” Mitchell said. “I mean, we already have this stuff. I was wondering if we could use it for something.”

Another consideration was the debate over using corn as a fuel source.

“One wants to go green, but one doesn’t want to deplete a food source,” Mitchell said.

Mitchell and her husband, Cesar “Sandy” Clavell, who both have backgrounds in environmental sciences, applied for a grant through the Washington state Department of Ecology. The couple received about $8,000 for initial research.

They plan to investigate two methods of extracting oil from the water plants for use in biofuels: distilling and using solvents. What’s left of the plant after each process will be composted and tested.

Students at Selkirk High School will do most of the research.

“Sandy is just a neat guy that he would think of including us in the first place,” said John Kinney, science and math teacher at Selkirk High School. The school has a certified water-quality research lab, which came about because the rural school runs its own wastewater treatment plant and water system.

“We do water testing for many of the small towns around here,” Kinney said, adding that his environmental science class, and possibly some of the chemistry students, will be working on Mitchell and Clavell’s research project.

“It’s great for the students because this is for real, and it’s an example of classic research,” said Kinney. “The kids get to see how it’s done, how you explore all the variables and experience how the excitement sometimes wears off. Research can get tedious because you do the same thing over and over again.”

Ron Curren, public works director for Pend Oreille County, said it would be ideal if milfoil could be used for something.

Curren is waiting for a $200,000 milfoil harvester to arrive within the next couple of weeks.

“We’ve had the same boat for the last 20 years,” he said. “The new one is different; it’s like a lawn mower, it doesn’t pull out the roots.”

A lot of time and effort are spent managing milfoil in Pend Oreille County, Curren said, especially around the 20 public boat launches where the plant has to be hauled away.

“We try to look for vacant areas to put it in, but sometimes it goes right on to the beach,” he said.

Mitchell and Clavell searched the country for other milfoil biofuel research projects but couldn’t find any.

Researchers at the University of Toronto published an article in the magazine Biomass and Bioenergy this summer, saying the invasive vine kudzu has potential to produce almost as much ethanol per acre as corn — 270 gallons.

Mitchell said they hope to begin the research this month, and the initial tests should be finished by December. The composting part will take a full growing cycle to complete.

The Pend Oreille County weed control board had some concerns about the project, and Mitchell said she understands that.

“You don’t want people to start thinking milfoil is a great thing,” she said. “This could be really fun, if it works out, but you don’t want people to start growing it — we are aware of that issue.”

Talk to us

More in Herald Business Journal

A man walks by Pfizer headquarters, Friday, Feb. 5, 2021, in New York. Pfizer will spend about $43 billion to buy Seagen and broaden its reach into cancer treatments, the pharmaceutical giant said Monday, March 13, 2023. (AP Photo / Mark Lennihan, File)
Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer to acquire Bothell-based Seagen

Pfizer announced Monday it plans to acquire Seagen in an all-cash deal for $43 billion.

Lacie Marsh-Carroll stirs wax before pouring candles in her garage at her home on March 17, 2018 in Lake Stevens. (Kevin Clark / The Daily Herald)
Women business owners in Snohomish, Island counties make their mark

In honor of Women’s History Month, we spotlight three local business owners.

Edmonds International Women’s Day takes place Saturday

The Edmonds gathering celebrates women and diversity with this year’s theme, “EmbraceEquity.”

Owner and CEO Lacie Carroll holds a “Warr;or” candle at the Malicious Women Candle Co workspace in Snohomish, Washington on Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2023. The business is women run and owned. (Annie Barker / The Herald)
Malicious Women Co: She turned Crock-Pot candles into a sassy venture

Lacie Marsh-Carroll is rekindling her Snohomish candle company with new designs and products.

Kelly Matthews, 36, left, Tonka, 6, center, and Nichole Matthews, 36, pose for a photo in their home in Lynnwood, Washington on Thursday, Feb. 2, 2023.  The twin sisters work as freelance comic book artists and illustrators. (Annie Barker / The Herald)
Drawing interest: Twin sisters never gave up on making their mark

Lynnwood sisters, Kelly and Nichole Matthews, got their big break a decade ago and now draw comics full time.

Willow Mietus, 50, poses for a photo at her home in Coupeville, Washington on Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2023. Mietus bought a former Frito-Lay truck to sell her dyed yarn out of. She calls it "The Wool Wagon." (Annie Barker / The Herald)
The Wool Wagon to hit the streets of Whidbey Island

A self-described “professional yarn temptress” from Coupeville is setting up shop in a modified truck.

IonQ will open a new quantum computing manufacturing and research center at 3755 Monte Villa Parkway in Bothell. (Photo courtesy of IonQ)
Quantum computing firm IonQ to open Bothell R&D center

IonQ says quantum computing systems are key to addressing climate change, energy and transportation.

Nathanael Engen, founder of Black Forest Mushrooms, sits in the lobby of Think Tank Cowork with his 9-year-old dog, Bruce Wayne, on Friday, Jan. 27, 2023, in downtown Everett, Washington. (Ryan Berry / The Herald)
Growing green mushrooms in downtown Everett

The founder of Black Forest Mushrooms plans to grow gourmet mushrooms locally, reducing their carbon footprint.

Barb Lamoureux, 78, poses for a photo at her office at 1904 Wetmore Ave in Everett, Washington on Monday, Jan. 23, 2023. Lamoureux, who founded Lamoureux Real Estate in 2004, is retiring after 33 years. (Annie Barker / The Herald)
Barb Lamoureux, ‘North Everett’s Real Estate Agent’ retires

A longtime supporter of Housing Hope, Lamoureux helped launch the Windermere Foundation Golf Tournament.

AGC Biologics in Bothell to produce new diabetes treatment

The contract drug manufacturer paired with drug developer Provention Bio to bring the new therapy to market.

The Walmart Store on 11400 Highway 99 on March 21, 2023 in in Everett, Washington. The retail giant will close the store on April 21, 2023. (Janice Podsada / The Herald)
Walmart announces Everett store on Highway 99 will close on April 21

The Arkansas-based retail giant said the 20-year-old Walmart location was “underperforming financially.”

Everett Memorial Stadium and Funko Field on Wednesday, Sept. 2, 2020 in Everett, Washington. (Olivia Vanni / The Herald)
Drive to build new AquaSox ballpark gets $7.4M boost from state

The proposed Senate capital budget contains critical seed money for the city-led project likely to get matched by the House.