Today is Friday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2012. There are 346 days left in the year.
On Jan. 20, 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4.
On this date:
In 1649, King Charles I of England went on trial, accused of high treason (he was found guilty and executed by month’s end).
In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
In 1936, Britain’s King George V died; he was succeeded by Edward VIII.
In 1942, Nazi officials held the Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their “final solution” that called for exterminating Jews.
In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
In 1992, an Air Inter Airbus A-320 crashed near Strasbourg, France, killing 87 of the 96 people on board.