By Michael Laris
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON — The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation voted without objection to support Elaine Chao as Secretary of Transportation Tuesday, pushing the former Labor secretary and Washington insider closer to a new official role shaping one of President Trump’s signature initiatives.
Chao’s nomination now moves to the full Senate, but a hearing has not yet been scheduled.
Trump pledged a big infrastructure boost during his campaign, and Chao’s supporters argue that she is well positioned to help turn those promises into reality.
But key issues — including how much would be spent on what, and how it would be paid for — remain uncertain. Trump talked of a $1 trillion effort, which his advisers said would include a rush of private investment lured by tax breaks, though economists have questioned those assumptions.
Following his inauguration, Trump’s White House website posted an idea for a major new source of transportation funding, though it did not detail how the planned windfall would materialize. The president’s team promised to eliminate “harmful and unnecessary” climate and other environmental regulations and to tap vast domestic energy reserves to rebuild roads and infrastructure.
“We must take advantage of the estimated $50 trillion in untapped shale, oil, and natural gas reserves, especially those on federal lands that the American people own,” according to the site. “We will use the revenues from energy production to rebuild our roads, schools, bridges and public infrastructure,” it said.
Chao did not raise the notion of tying energy production to transportation funding in her genial confirmation hearing, where the wife of Sen. Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Kentucky, received a warm welcome and a host of requests from senators to visit their states — and fund their hometown projects.
Democrats were offering their own $1 trillion infrastructure plan Tuesday, but said their package would rely on direct federal spending and also cover schools, broadband and veterans hospitals.
Chao’s public tone and emphasis on the scope of potential new investments has shifted some since her nomination.
In responding to a senate questionnaire, Chao noted that “with or without a new infusion of funds” much work is needed to improve how infrastructure gets built in America.
But just ahead of her Jan. 11 confirmation hearing, Chao and her transition advisers added that given “the President-elect’s focus on executing a major infrastructure initiative,” Chao is the right person to “help forge the collaboration needed between the executive branch, the legislative branch and numerous stakeholders to make these key initiatives a reality.”
Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., pressed Chao at the hearing to see if administration plans went beyond the $137 billion in tax incentives described by Trump advisers, saying Trump’s chief strategist Stephen Bannon has called for new direct investments in infrastructure to insure the nation’s competitiveness internationally.
“Do you and President-elect Trump support an infrastructure package that will include direct federal spending?” Booker asked.
“I believe the answer is yes,” Chao said.