Corey Breuer, owner of Northwest Boat Disposal at Dunato’s Boat Yard in Seattle shows a reporter one of three vessels which can lift sunken boats from King County waters and Puget Sound. (Aaron Kunkler / King County reporter)

Corey Breuer, owner of Northwest Boat Disposal at Dunato’s Boat Yard in Seattle shows a reporter one of three vessels which can lift sunken boats from King County waters and Puget Sound. (Aaron Kunkler / King County reporter)

King County’s $5 million derelict boat problem

When a boat sinks, it costs a lot to bring it up, with millions being spent since 2003 on removals.

Maintaining iconic waterways from Puget Sound to Lake Washington to the Ballard Locks and beyond takes a lot of effort. Thousands of commercial and recreational vessels ranging in size from small sailboats to freighters share the waves, and sometimes these ships end up on the wrong side of them.

As vessels age, they become prone to falling into disrepair and sinking, often through owner neglect or absence. Decommissioning a boat isn’t an expense people often consider when buying a vessel, said Corey Breuer, owner of Northwest Boat Disposal.

Junk boats, like most every other consumer product at the end of its useful life, typically end up in a local landfill and can cost owners thousands of dollars. The going rate for Breuer is around $130 a ton, which adds up quickly for larger boats that weigh upwards of 25 tons. On top of this, there are no wood or fiberglass recycling programs in the area.

“I try to recycle all the metal and engines,” Breuer said. “But I’m still taking a large boat to the dump.”

On a recent overcast and windy morning, Breuer walked down a dock at Dunato’s Boat Yard in Seattle to one of soon-to-be three boats they use to dredge up sunken vessels. The largest of the three sits moored to the dock and comes equipped with pumps capable of hauling up boats that sink in Puget Sound. Another smaller boat is used primarily for Lake Washington and its canals, while inside a floating boathouse, an even smaller one is being constructed to be used on Lake Sammamish.

Dunato’s Boat Yard is building a smaller vessel, seen on the right, which will be used for reclamation efforts on Lake Sammamish and smaller waterways in the area. (Aaron Kunkler / King County reporter)

Dunato’s Boat Yard is building a smaller vessel, seen on the right, which will be used for reclamation efforts on Lake Sammamish and smaller waterways in the area. (Aaron Kunkler / King County reporter)

Breuer said he receives a call nearly every day from boat owners who are looking for assistance with an aging or derelict boat. There was a fiberglass boat boom in the 1970s, and wooden boats were produced before then. Many of these are now either in need of repairs or removal.

“They weren’t made to last forever, especially in the Northwest,” Breuer said.

Common stories come up over and over again when talking about derelict or sunken boats, he said. The first is original owners getting too old to properly maintain their vessel or passing it off to their family who forget, neglect or outright abandon it. The second is when the original owner decides it’s not worth it to repair a boat and either gives it away or sells it at a lucratively low price.

The new owner of the boat generally finds out the hard way that in order to dock at a marina, they need insurance, but to get insurance, they need to pass an inspection, and passing an inspection usually means thousands of dollars in repairs. That’s another reason the boat ends up abandoned until it is removed or sinks.

The Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) runs a tracking and removal program for sunken and derelict boats. The state has jurisdiction over any area that is underwater, even at low tide, with local municipalities handling tidal lands. Troy Wood, the department’s Derelict Vessel Removal Program manager, said the department maintains a list of boats that are derelict or have sunk and assigns them a rating of one through five, with one being the highest.

The state doesn’t allocate enough money to remove every boat, so often times lower priority boats sit on or under the water while those in danger of sinking or leaking fuel, oil or other contaminants are dealt with first, Wood said. However, the department’s budget is nearly exhausted for this biennium, so most boats will remain where they are at least until this July when the new budget kicks in.

“We don’t have enough resources to remove all of them,” Wood said.

The cost for dealing with a derelict boat varies and is generally tied to the boat’s size and the complexity to remove it. Once a boat sinks, it gets much harder and more expensive to deal with, Wood said. The process generally involves sealing as much of the hull as possible, pumping out water while removing oils and fuel and putting inflatables beneath it. Boats can be removed for as little as $1,000 or for as much as $250,000.

The DNR is allowed to reimburse organizations up to 90 percent of the cost of removal, with the remaining 10 percent allowed to be covered by labor and equipment costs. The total cost of removals has topped more than $5 million in King County alone since the program was created in 2003, Wood said.

The number of derelict vessels the state tracks has also been increasing. Wood said when the 2017-19 biennium began, they had around 100 boats on the list, a number that has grown to 153 despite the state removing around 100 over the past two years.

Removing a vessel is a long process, so the state prefers to reach out to owners after receiving a report that a boat may be showing signs of negligence. These reports can come from anyone from citizens to law enforcement or government agencies. If the owner is contacted and does not respond, the state posts a 30-day notice before removal operations begin. Small removals can be done through direct hiring, but larger and more expensive operations require a bidding process.

Washington state took additional action in recent years by passing a transfer law stipulating that any vessel more than 65 feet in length and older than 40 years must have insurance and an inspection, with that information then being sent to the state.

Without this, the seller would be left with secondary liability, meaning if the new owner abandoned the boat and couldn’t be found, the previous owner would be on the hook for potential expenses related to removal. Since the law took effect in 2014, Wood said there have only been five instances of secondary liability in the state.

Other entities like the Port of Seattle help with removals in their jurisdiction. Mike DeSota, the Port’s marine division environmental compliance manager, said the Port tries to seek reimbursement from the DNR, but often times the funding isn’t there, so they take on the cost of removal. Usually the expenses are manageable, he said.

One of the issues facing the Port is a lack of facilities to store vessels before they are either scrapped or auctioned off. While the Port of Everett has a boatyard, Seattle’s must either leave vessels in the water or temporarily store them on Port property or elsewhere.

“We try and minimize and weigh the risk of leaving a vessel in the water or not,” DeSota said.

The Port of Seattle deals with around three to five derelict or sunken boats each year, with the majority being recreational and pleasure-craft boats with roughly the same number of sailboats and powered vessels. Typically, older wooden boats are the worst off, with wood plant rot and other maintenance issues piling up, DeSota said.

The state of the economy also tends to play a role in the number of boats that go derelict in the state. DeSota said it fluctuates, but when the economy tanks, people tend to put off maintenance, which then snowballs. Sometimes owners can’t afford to pilot their boats, so they don’t end up keeping tabs on their vessels at the marina. This is a phenomena also seen at the state level.

“When the economy takes a downturn, we see a larger increase of abandoned and derelict vessels,” Wood said.

Wood said in Portland, Oregon, boat owners are selling or giving away derelict vessels to unsheltered people who end up living in dangerous boats, a phenomena that he said may be beginning in King County.

This story originally appeared in the Bellevue Reporter, a sibling paper to the Herald.

Talk to us

More in Northwest

A sign opposing the Geo Group, the private contractor that operates the Northwest Detention Center, hangs on a fence outside the facility in Tacoma, Wash., Tuesday, July 10, 2018. The Trump administration rushed to meet a deadline Tuesday for reuniting dozens of youngsters forcibly separated from their families at the U.S.-Mexico border. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Washington House aims to close Northwest immigration jail

“It is a moral injustice to profit off of those who are incarcerated,” said Mukilteo’s Rep. Ortiz-Self.

FILE - In this June 30, 2020, file photo, a sign on the street reads "Welcome to CHOP" as protesters stand near barricades, at the CHOP (Capitol Hill Occupied Protest) zone in Seattle. The area, which was also known as CHAZ, was occupied for several weeks during the summer by protesters after Seattle Police pulled back from their East Precinct building following violent clashes with demonstrators. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
Biden ends Trump’s order that named Seattle an ‘anarchist city’

The designation, had it stuck, would have led to a cut federal funding.

Police recommend charges in WSU frat alcohol poisoning death

The 19-year-old became unconscious and died about four hours before fraternity members called 911.

State Patrol worker arrested in child sex sting operation

He worked as a commercial vehicle enforcement officer assigned to the school bus inspection program.

Tacoma Police and other law enforcement officials stand in a line as protesters approach in the street in front of the City-County Building during a protest against police brutality, late Sunday, Jan. 24, 2021, in downtown Tacoma, Wash., south of Seattle. The protest came a day after at least two people were injured when a Tacoma Police officer responding to a report of a street race drove his car through a crowd of pedestrians that had gathered around him. Several people were knocked to the ground and at least one person was run over. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Senate OKs bill making police intervene to stop undue force

The bill passed 28-21 Tuesday over opposition from state Republicans.

Rain drops gather on a ball cap with the name of the crab fishing boat Scandies Rose, a 130-foot crab fishing boat from Dutch Harbor, Alaska, that sank on New Year's Eve, as the hat rests near some flowers and a fishing float at the Seattle Fishermen's Memorial, Thursday, Jan. 2, 2020, in Seattle. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
‘We are rolling over’: Edmonds survivor recounts boat tragedy

The inquiry into the Bering Sea sinking of the Scandies Rose crab boat openened with a mayday call.

The snow measured 15 feet deep in some spots on Highway 20. (Washington State Department of Transportation)
‘Extreme’ avalanche danger continues on mountain passes

Stevens Pass was shut down again Monday evening after a snow slide covered part of the highway.

In this Dec. 30, 2019, photo provided by the Washington State Department of Agriculture, the stinger of a dead Asian giant hornet is photographed in a lab in Olympia, Wash. The world's largest hornet, a 2-inch long killer with an appetite for honey bees, has been found in Washington state and entomologists are making plans to wipe it out. Dubbed the "Murder Hornet" by some, the Asian giant hornet has a sting that could be fatal to some humans. It is just now starting to emerge from hibernation. (Karla Salp/Washington State Department of Agriculture via AP)
‘Attack of the Murder Hornets’: The race to find bee killers

A new documentary follows the rush to find and fight off an unwanted invader in Whatcom County.

Utility disconnection moratorium extended until July 31

In addition, utilities will continue to waive late fees and deposits through Jan. 27, 2022.

Most Read