EVERETT — Writing the next state budget is going to be a taxing experience.
Figuratively and actually.
That’s the distinct impression Gov. Jay Inslee left in a conversation Tuesday with The Daily Herald’s editorial board.
“We are about one-and-a-half billion dollars underwater going into the next biennium,” Inslee said. That’s the projected deficit before putting in more money to improve the mental health system, expand early childhood education and do “some of the other things we’d like to do,” the governor said.
Inslee’s approach to making ends meet will be revealed in December when he proposes a budget for the two-year period that starts July 1, 2019. Lawmakers will consider his recommendations in the course of drafting their own spending plan during the 105-day legislative session beginning in January.
While the state’s reserves are projected to be around $3.2 billion by June 30, not every one of those dollars can be tapped.
Roughly a third will be socked away in the so-called Rainy Day account, accessible only with the support of a super-majority of lawmakers. Of the remainder, a good chunk is counted on to ensure all the obligations for public schools are met under a state Supreme Court ruling known as McCleary.
Lawmakers won’t find many places to trim spending because there are a lot of things neither party would do, Inslee said.
“Legislators are not going to be able to go back and cut educational funding,” he said. “They are not going to be able to de-fund the transportation system. They are not going to close state parks. They are not going to shut down the State Patrol. So they’re going to have to look for money from other sources.”
When the second-term Democratic governor speaks of needing revenue and lacking options to generate it, odds are likely new or higher taxes will be in the mix. They have been in his previous budget plans.
That makes taxes and the next state budget important topics of discussion as the November election nears.
Already, Superintendent of Public Instruction Chris Reykdal has called for a capital gains tax to boost funding for public schools. And Democratic leaders in the House and Senate — who are expected to enlarge their respective majorities in the Nov. 6 election — are said to be designing their own capital gains tax proposal.
Inslee said he knows it’s hard for the public to understand how a deficit could be happening during such good economic times. The method of funding state government, he said, is outdated, and expanding segments of the economy are not taxed, he said.
“Our revenue system is designed for a Model T economy in an Internet Age,” he explained. “The things that are growing, which is the service sector, are not taxed. The things that are shrinking, which are the sales of goods in big-box stores, are taxed,” but those revenues make up a dwindling percentage of the state’s tax receipts, he said.
“We don’t know exactly what our proposals will be,” he said. “I am just alerting you to a challenge the legislators will have.”
For now, it’s a matter for voters to ponder when deciding who they want tackling the money problem in Olympia.