Tiny Slovenia — wedged between the Alps and the Adriatic — is one of Eastern Europe’s most unexpectedly delightful destinations. Located where the Germanic, Mediterranean and Slavic worlds come together, its capital, Ljubljana, enjoys a happy hodgepodge of cultures but remains relatively undiscovered. Walking through its cobbled Old Town, you’ll encounter one-of-a-kind architecture, festivals filling the summer air and a leafy riverside promenade packed with stylishly dressed students — and just a few tourists.
Ljubljana feels small, but it’s by far the country’s largest city and its cultural capital. It’s bursting with well-presented, we-try-harder museums celebrating Slovenian history and culture. These include the Slovenian History Exhibition at the castle, the City Museum of Ljubljana and the Contemporary History Museum in Tivoli Park.
But ultimately, this town is all about ambience. It’s the kind of place where graffiti and crumbling buildings seem elegantly atmospheric instead of shoddy. But many of those buildings have been getting a facelift recently, as a spunky mayor has been spiffing up the place and creating gleaming traffic-free zones left and right — making what was already an exceptionally livable city into a pedestrians’ paradise. Ljubljana’s single best activity is sitting at an outdoor cafe along the river and watching the vivacious, fun-loving Slovenes strut their stuff.
Batted around by history, Ljubljana has seen cultural influences from all sides — most notably Belgrade, Prague, Vienna and Venice. In ancient times, Ljubljana was on the trade route connecting the Mediterranean (just 60 miles away) to the Black Sea. Legend has it that Jason and his Argonauts founded Ljubljana when they stopped here for the winter on their way home with the Golden Fleece. Centuries of rule from Vienna under the German-speaking Habsburgs seems to have both inspired an appreciation of the good life and strengthened the local spirit. And the time it spent in the 20th century as part of Yugoslavia failed to dampen this upbeat vibe.
Today the city is filled with university students — making it feel very youthful — and ensuring that most of the locals speak excellent English. This is no sleepy backwater; Ljubljana is on the cutting edge when it comes to architecture, public art, fashion and trendy pubs. In its relaxed pedestrian center, it seems all roads lead to the main square. Fancy facades and whimsical bridges ornament daily life with a Slovenian twist.
The Triple Bridge — where the town square joins the river — is both a popular meeting place and a beloved symbol of the city. The bridge seems almost Venetian. That’s because its architect recognized that Ljubljana is located midway between Venice and Vienna and the city itself was — and still is — a bridge between the Italian and the Germanic worlds.
The riverfront market is a hive of activity, where big-city Slovenes enjoy buying directly from the farmer. The market is a great opportunity to connect with the locals. It’s worth an amble anytime, but is best on Saturday mornings, when the townspeople take their time wandering the stalls. In this tiny capital of a tiny country, you may even see the president searching for the perfect melon.
As Slovenia is small and laced with modern freeways, virtually every sight is within an hour or two of Ljubljana — including first lady Melania Trump’s hometown. Since the Habsburg days, nearby Lake Bled is where Slovenes have taken their guests — whether kings or cousins — to show off their natural wonders. Lake Bled retains an aura of the Romantic Age, with an iconic church-topped island accessed by romantic flat-bottomed “pletna” boats. Strolling the 3 miles around the lake, visitors enjoy ever-changing views. Crews stroke rhythmically through glassy waters, merging natural and human grace.
A short drive takes you into a totally different landscape: Slovenia’s Karst region — a high, fertile and windblown plateau. In this land of stout hill towns and rugged farmers, grapes for the full-bodied local red wine thrive in the iron-rich soil. Since local limestone is easily dissolved by water, the Karst is honeycombed with a vast network of caves and underground rivers. The most dramatic cave to tour is Skocjan. Visitors begin by seeing a multitude of formations in a series of large caverns. Guides tell the story as, drip by drip, stalactites grow from spaghetti-thin strands to sequoia-like stone pillars. In the grand cavern, the sound of a mighty river crashes through the mist.