Comment: U.S. hunger a product of its food waste problem

A recent win in Congress needs companion efforts by states, producers and nonprofits to better use what’s grown.

By Amanda Little / Bloomberg Opinion

One of the final, unseen triumphs of the 117th Congress was the passage of the Food Donation Improvement Act, an obscure bill that could catalyze a major effort to solve the twin crises of hunger and food waste in America. But the landmark legislation will succeed only if private-sector leaders make sure it lives up to its promise.

Consider the following paradox: Americans waste more food per capita than any nation on earth — a staggering 40 percent of our food ends up rotting in fields and landfills — while at the same time our population is becoming increasingly hungry. In the wake of the pandemic, 35 million Americans are food insecure — about 10 percent of our population — and the combined pressures of inflation, geopolitical conflict and climate change will only worsen the strain on global food production.

For years, there have been bills in the congressional pipeline designed to redirect food surpluses to populations in need, and for years they’ve been ignored. It’s time for action. The Food Donation Improvement Act, which was signed into law Thursday by President Biden, is the first of many important measures that can resolve the gross contradiction between food excess and food scarcity in America.

Not since President Bill Clinton signed the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act in 1996 has the U.S. passed major food-donation legislation. The new legislation updates the Emerson act with common-sense and long-overdue reforms that will enable schools, farmers, restaurants, businesses, manufacturers and retailers to donate surplus food directly to members of their community.

The new rules ease the burden of liability so that qualified private donors that already have safety checks in place aren’t held legally responsible for food quality or spoilage. The Food Donation Improvement Act removes a provision requiring private-sector donations be funneled through food-relief organizations. Under the Emerson act, a school or restaurant, for example, can’t legally donate its excess food directly to hungry families in its community. It must usher the donation through a food bank that may be a long drive away, only to have the food redirected back to recipients in its own neighborhood. Ditto for local farms, supermarkets, corporate cafeterias, food manufacturing plants and other high-volume food facilities that too often opt to trash their surpluses rather than deal with legally complex and logistically cumbersome donation processes.

Such barriers have led to staggering waste: The private sector squanders billions of pounds of nutritious food annually. And while the Food Donation Improvement Act can help curb this crisis, there is much more work to do. It’s not enough, going forward, to simply make it easier to donate food to populations in need. There needs to be incentives, and even requirements, to do so.

Business leaders should, themselves, make it a priority in 2023 to recover and redirect the food their companies squander. But members of the 118th Congress can also provide a carrot, significantly expanding available tax incentives for food donations by passing another bill already in the legislative pipeline known as the Further Incentivizing Nutritious Donations, or FIND, Food Act. FIND deserves the same windfall of bipartisan and NGO support that enabled the passage of the food donation act.

Governors nationwide can also help by following the example of New York and California; states that already have laws in place requiring donations from certain businesses with high food volumes and safety checks in place.

The passage of the Food Donation Improvement Act should spur support for companion bills that have already been introduced, most notably the Food Date Labeling Act, which was proposed and passed over in the last three Congresses. It would increase food recovery by standardizing expiration dates on perishable foods such as meat and dairy. Currently, expiration date standards vary wildly from state by state, leading to the dumping of healthy, high-nutrient foods. Lawmakers should also get behind the ambitious Zero Food Waste Act, introduced in 2021, which would encourage the development of local polices that restrict food from going to landfills, while also helping to fund crucial infrastructure for food donation at a mass scale, such as networks of storage facilities and distribution fleets.

It’s hard to overstate how shameful, how anachronistic — and above all, how solvable — the parallel crises of hunger and waste in America are. “Hunger is not inevitable,” said U.S. Rep. Jim McGovern of Massachusetts, one of the sponsors of the food donation act, as he pushed for passage of the bill last month. “We don’t have a shortage of food; we have a mismatch between abundance and need; a mismatch we can solve.”

Solving it won’t be easy. Food-related legislation is notoriously difficult to pass because it spans multiple agencies, including the Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency and many committees in Congress, making it difficult to usher through big pieces of legislation with all the necessary components.

But crucial momentum is building, thanks to the coalition of non-governmental organizations and institutions including the Harvard Law School Food Law and Policy Clinic, WeightWatchers International Inc., Food Tank, Grubhub and the Natural Resources Defense Council. These and other groups focused on food justice helped build the critical mass of bipartisan support that pushed the donations act through at the eleventh hour.

We can hope, if not assume, that this support will continue to grow. The twin goals of solving hunger and curbing food waste have never been more urgent nor more relevant across party lines. Against the backdrop of a punishing war in Ukraine, increasingly volatile climate conditions, brittle supply chains and spreading famines worldwide, there is simply no more room for profligate waste.

Amanda Little is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering agriculture and climate. She is a professor of journalism and science writing at Vanderbilt University and author of “The Fate of Food: What We’ll Eat in a Bigger, Hotter, Smarter World.”

Talk to us

> Give us your news tips.

> Send us a letter to the editor.

> More Herald contact information.

More in Opinion

Artist Natalie Niblack works amongst her project entitled “33 Birds / Three Degrees” during the setup for Exploring The Edge at Schack Art Center on Sunday, March 19, 2023, in Everett, Washington. The paintings feature motion-activated speakers that play each bird’s unique call. (Ryan Berry / The Herald)
Editorial: For 50 years Schack Art Center there for creation

The art center is more art studio than museum, supporting artists and fostering creativity in kids.

Editorial cartoons for Wednesday, June 12

A sketchy look at the news of the day.… Continue reading

Everett principal Betty Cobbs served kids, community for 51 years

Education and community. Those words are the best America has to offer;… Continue reading

Tufekci: Covid a lesson for officials on fragility of trust

In seeking to manage the message, scientists and officials took risks that have cost the public’s trust.

Collins: Republicans’ zeal against Biden’s son a double-standard

While they’re attacking Hunter Biden’s gun possession, they’re working to relax similar gun measures.

Snohomish School District’s Clayton Lovell plugs in the district’s electric bus after morning routes on Thursday, March 6, 2024, at the district bus depot in Snohomish, Washington. (Ryan Berry / The Herald)
Editorial: Money well spent on switch to electric school buses

With grants awarded to local school districts, a study puts a dollar figure on health, climate savings.

Mangrove trees roots, Rhizophora mangle, above and below the water in the Caribbean sea, Panama, Central America
Editorial: Support local newspapers work to hometowns’ benefit

A writer compares them to mangrove trees, filtering toxins and providing support to their neighbors.

FILE - A worker cleans a jet bridge at Paine Field in Everett, Wash., before passengers board an Alaska Airlines flight, March 4, 2019. Seattle-based Alaska Airlines owns Horizon Air. Three passengers sued Alaska Airlines on Thursday, Nov. 2, 2023, saying they suffered emotional distress from an incident last month in which an off-duty pilot, was accused of trying to shut down the engines of a flight from Washington state to San Francisco. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
Editorial: FAA bill set to improve flight safety, experience

With FAA reauthorization, Congress proves it’s capable of legislating and not just throwing shade.

Editorial cartoons for Tuesday, June 11

A sketchy look at the news of the day.… Continue reading

Krugman: Yes, the debt is huge, but we’ve got bigger problems

Reducing the debt is a relatively simple task, but it takes political will and bipartisan action now in short supply.

National leaders must address U.S. debt crisis

Kel Wilson’s Forum essay regarding the national debt is important (“National debt… Continue reading

Work and wisdom of Trump’s trial jury should be respected

Donald Trump was convicted on 34 felony counts of falsification of business… Continue reading

Support local journalism

If you value local news, make a gift now to support the trusted journalism you get in The Daily Herald. Donations processed in this system are not tax deductible.